Caveman Diet vs. Vegan Diet

Paleo diet

CaveMan Diet

In today’s world, there are many different diets that can overwhelm an individual looking to improve their health, weight or medical conditions. Two of the more popular diets are the Caveman Diet also known as the Paleolithic diet and the Vegan diet. Both offer some incredible benefits for potential dieters. Unfortunately, like most diets, they also come with some inherited risks.

Caveman or Paleo Diet Intro

The Paleolithic Diet, also called the caveman diet, is based on what health professionals and scientists believe that our ancient ancestors (cavemen) used to eat. The idea behind this diet is that modern day foods are filled with additives, fats and other unhealthy ingredients. The simplicity of this diet is that all the dieter has to do is choose foods that they think a caveman would have consumed. There are several universal programs, websites and books to assist the dieter in selecting the right foods.

Vegan Diet Intro

A vegan is a vegetarian who does not eat any animal based products like meat and fish. Additionally, vegans do not eat any animal by-products like eggs or milk.  Veganism is more than just a diet, it’s a lifestyle. It takes discipline, commitment and a great deal of planning to ensure all nutrient recommendations like protein intake are being met. A vegan diet is largely based on foods like: vegetables, fruits, grains and beans.

Paleo Pros and Cons

Like any diet, there are pros and cons that each individual must carefully examine. Proponents of the Paleo diet believe the following:

  • Eliminates processed foods
  • Can lead to weight loss by consuming less carbs
  • High in fat and protein which leads to feeling satiated
  • Encourages a clean diet
  • Great for those who may be allergic to gluten

Opponents of the Paleo diet strongly argue the following:

  • Associated health risks with a high fat diet like heart ailments
  • Associated health risks with a high protein diet like kidney problems and heart disease
  • Expensive diet due to a large consumption of meat
  • Insufficient amounts of essential nutrients like calcium which could lead to bone deficiencies
  • Not practical for athletes that require larger amounts of carbs, vitamins and minerals


Vegan Pros and Cons

Just like the Paleo diet, there are many pros and cons that should be considered. Proponents of the vegan diet believe the following:

  • Improves self-discipline, commitment, eating habits and food choices
  • Increases consumption of antioxidants
  • Can help lower blood pressure and bad cholesterol (LDL) levels
  • Decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease

Opponents of the vegan diet strongly argue the following:

  • Can lead to bone deficiencies due to lack of calcium intake
  • Sever change in eating habits could be extremely difficult for beginners
  • Can lead to health conditions due to insufficient intake for vitamin D and B12
  • Very difficult to get the recommended daily amount of protein
  • Lacks sufficient intake of Omega 3 fatty acids which are good for heart health


Paleo vs. Vegan

The Paleo and Vegan diets do have some positive similarities and some potential health risks.

  • Paleo diet eliminates carbs through foods like grains but a vegan diet is high in this food group. High amounts of refined carbs are believed to cause problems with weight gain, diabetes and high cholesterol.
  • Paleo diet eliminates processed foods where the vegan diet consumes more processed foods due to compensating for no animal products.
  • A vegan diet may lead to inadequate amounts of vitamin B-12 where the Paleo diet has sufficient amounts.
  • Vegan diet lowers the risk of heart disease and kidney problems unlike the Paleo diet that is high in fat and protein.
  • The Paleo diet, unlike a vegan diet, is low in carbs which can lead to fatigue, dehydration, depleted glycogen levels and muscle atrophy.
  • Both diets are high in fiber which helps increase satiation, lowers cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
  • Both diets have nutritional deficiencies through lack of calcium and vitamin D.



Both diets offer benefits to anyone looking to improve their health. However, each diet does come with potential nutritional deficiencies. Ultimately, your overall health and fitness goals will determine which diet may be better suited for you.


Before trying either of these two diets, check with a physician to ensure these diets are safe and practical for your lifestyle and health conditions.


About Rick Rockwell

Rick Rockwell is a self-employed personal trainer and experienced freelance writer. His articles have been published throughout the Internet. While his days are spent at his nights are spent exercising and weekends exploring the great outdoors. He has more than 10 years of experience as a certified personal trainer, group fitness instructor and lifestyle coach. His company, Rockwell Fitness, is dedicated to educating and empowering others to live healthy lifestyles.

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